Science, Technology and Innovation: The International Dimension

Discipline: EAD5966-1

Concentration area: 12139

Number of Credits: 8

Course load:

(Per week)
(Per week)
(Per week)
There are international dimensions to almost every aspect of science, technology and innovation (ST&I). Nowadays, ST&I play a crucial role in public and private governance, in foreign policy of nation-states, and in international affairs of civil society organizations – transnational corporations, third-sector organizations and knowledge academies, among others – either by being a locus of cooperation between nations and other actors, or for establishing unsurmountable advantages in the case of conflicts. The graduate course on “Science, Technology and Innovation: the international dimension” aims at equipping students with the tools needed to understand the complex problems at the intersection of ST&I issues and international affairs lato sensu, between state and/or private entities, as a source of cooperation or conflict in the international arena.
This is a multi- and inter-disciplinary approach, with examples based on real cases related to issues on environment, health, energy, security, development, and foreign affairs -- that are interwoven with the historical, political, economic, social, and cultural concerns of international affairs.
International speakers with real experience in the proposed subjects will be invited, for example, Prof. Celso Lafer (USP Emeritus Professor, former Foreign Affairs Minister and former President of FAPESP), Prof. José Goldemberg (President of FAPESP e former Rector of USP), Prof. Jacques Marcovitch (Professor at FEA and at IRI, and former Rector of USP), and Ambassador Rubens Ricupero (former Secretary-General of UNCTAD).

The course goes in tandem with University of São Paulo`s (USP) strategic guidelines for internationalization, which also apply to its graduate courses; similar guidelines were adopted by the Management Department and by the Graduate Program in Management (PPGA). The course also adheres to the pursuit of interdisciplinarity, combining the Management and International Relations fields, by means of a shared coordination between faculty members of FEA and of USP’s Institute of International Relations (IRI).
The course augments PPGA’s known activities related to the internationalization of Brazilian firms, powered by USP’s Center for Technology Policy and Management (PGT/USP) initiatives such as the `Management for the Internationalization of Brazilian Firms` (GINEBRA) project, supported by the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP)

The course will be comprised of five thematic modules:

Module 1
ST&I as a Resource of Power in International Affairs: the course will review how ST&I have been used in the international arena to leverage relative power of states, strategically (military), politically and financially. The focus will be on contemporary aspects of international trade norms that interfere with national conditions, and on the connection among national spaces in order to establish environments favorable to scientific and technological development and for the generation of productive innovation.

Module 2
Institutionalization of International cooperation in ST&I: the course will study bilateral and multilateral international cooperation between states and international organizations in the areas of ST&I. In the multilateral scenario the following cases shall be dealt with: cooperation with the European Community (nowadays in the realm of the Horizon 2020 initiative), and with the Ibero-American community. International regulation affecting ST&I will also be focused.

Module 3
The Brazilian ST&I Foreign Policy: the course will analyze how Brazil has received and exported ST&I; how ST&I aspects act as elements of a foreign policy, both for developed and developing countries, emphasizing the Brazilian case: how Brazil receives and exports ST&I, and how ST&I have been used in order to increase the ties with specific partners in certain areas, according to the national interest and the strategy for international insertion.

Module 4
The ‘Who’ Factor: the course will identify relevant actors dealing with international cooperation in ST&I – states, corporations, ST&I institutions and NGOs. Exemplary Brazilian cases such as EMBRAPA, PETROBRAS and EMBRAER will be brought. The roles of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Department of Scientific and Technological Themes and of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation’s agencies (CNPq e FINEP) will be presented, as well as FAPESP’s internationalization experience.

Module 5
The New World: the course will deal with critical contemporary questions in international affairs related to the digital and virtual environments, such as cybersecurity and cyberdiplomacy. Their effects on the structures of global governance and on the relations among states and between states and non-governmental actors, in the realm of licit and illicit affairs, will be highlighted.

Avaliation methods:
Periodical tasks and participation in the weekly activities. A short essay, synthetizing the course.
According to article 81 of USP’s General Intern

The course will be offered in English.


AKAEV, A.; PANTIN, V. Technological Innovations and Future Shifts in International Politics. International Studies Quarterly (2014) 58, 867-872.
KREMER, J.; MÜLLER, B. (eds.) Cyberspace and International Relations: Theory, Prospects and Challenges. Springer-Verlag, 2013.
MAHAN, M. Technopolitics: how technology shapes relations among nations. Disponível em .
MAYER, M.; CARPES, M.; KNOBLICH, R. (eds.). The Global Politics of Science and Technology - Vol. 1: concepts from international relations and other disciplines. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2014. 282p.
MAYER, M.; CARPES, M.; KNOBLICH, R. (eds.). The Global Politics of Science and Technology - Vol. 2: Perspectives, Cases and Methods. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2014. 302p.
MCCARTHY, D.R. Power, Information Technology, and International Relations Theory: The Power and Politics of US Foreign Policy and the Internet. Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
NYE Jr., J.S. Power in the Global Information Age: from realism to globalization. New York: Routledge, 2004. 239p.
OECD (2011a). Public Research Institutional Linkages and Internationalisation”. Public Research Institutions, Mapping Sector Trends, cap. 5. OECD, Paris.
OECD (2011b). Location Factors for International Investment in Innovation. Attractiveness for Innovation: Location Factors for International Investment. OECD, Paris.
OECD (2011c). International Investment in Innovation. Attractiveness for Innovation: Location Factors for International Investment. OECD, Paris.
OECD (2012). Meeting Global Challenges Through Better Governance: International Co-operation. Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD, Paris.
PFOTENHAUER, S. Trade Policy Is Science Policy. Issues in Science and Technology 30, no. 1 (Fall 2013).
REARDON, R.; CHOUCRI, N. The Role of Cyberspace in International Relations: A View of the Literature. ISA Annual Convention, San Diego, CA April 1, 2012.
ROYAL SOCIETY. Knowledge, Networks and Nations, Global Scientific Collaboration in the 21st Century. Elsevier, London, 2011.
SCHMIDT, E.; COHEN, J. The New Digital Age: Reshaping the Future of People, Nations and Business. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2013. 336p.
UNCTAD. Science and Technology Diplomacy: concepts and elements of a work programme. United Nations, New York and Geneva, 2003.
WEISS, C. - Science, technology and international relations. Technology and Society, v.27 (2005) 295–313.
WOLF, Martin. Same as It Ever Was: Why the Techno-optimists Are Wrong. Foreign Affairs, 94:4, July/August 2015.
YAKUSHIJI, T. The potential of science and technology diplomacy. Asia Pacific Review 16:1, 2009.
ZAHURANEC, B.; ITTEKKOT, V. & MONTGOMERY, E. Science & Technology Diplomacy in Developing Countries. New Delhi: Astral International, 2014. 248p.
ZIOLKOWSKI, K. (ed.). Peacetime Regime for State Activities in Cyberspace. International Law, International Relations and Diplomacy. NATO CCD COE Publication, Tallinn 201