Marcelo Koji Kawabata
Master's – The competitiveness of nations: an empirical study on the main determinants of innovation
Advisor: Prof. Dr. Alceu Salles Camargo Júnior
Comission: Profs. Drs. Eduardo Kazuo Kayo, Alexandre Nabil Ghobril and Roque Rabechini Junior
Factors or determinants that support technological innovation affect innovative activities in different ways. Some are more effective than others. Thus, understanding the determinants of technological innovation that bring a greater increase in productivity and, consequently, different performance in innovativeness is important to better target the actions and resources of innovation policies. The objective of this paper is to analyze the interrelationships between the determinants of the national innovation system and the results of innovation activities, their synergies, and better joint applications to foster greater and more sustainable levels of innovation, technological growth, and development in countries. The research employs a quantitative methodology that uses panel regressions to analyze the factors' associations or innovation's determinants and different performance's dimensions in innovation activities along industrial sectors with greater innovative activities, using a secondary database in the period from 2010 to 2019 for 42 countries. In general, the results confirm the positive association between the determinants of the national innovation system and innovative activities, depending on the characteristics of the innovations´ dimensions. Panel regressions with lag of regressors show important effects over time on the results of innovative activities. In this way, this research and its results on the relationships between the determinants of the national innovation system and innovative activities can generate contributions to academic knowledge, such as a better understanding of the joint dynamics of policies to encourage R&D and innovation, as well as its effects on the technological development and competitiveness of nations. Above all, this work analyzes or operationalizes the performance of innovative activities in different dimensions such as the number of patents, exports of high-tech products, more radical or incremental innovations and innovativeness of high and medium-high technology sectors, enabling a comprehensive view of roles of innovation on different prisms or aspects of innovation. The study can also generate managerial implications that support policy makers to encourage R&D and innovation and public and private managers in decision-making and policy planning to maximize their effectiveness and generate benefits to the economy and society.
*Abstract provided by the author