Izabel Cristina Nogueira Seabra
Doctorate – Entrepreneurship and Financial Sustainability: a proposal for an analytical model for extractive reserves in the Amazon Biome
Advisor: Profa. Dra. Graziella Maria Comini
Comission: Profas. Dras Rosa Maria Fischer, Perla Calil Pongeluppe Wadhy Rebehy and Gimima Beatriz Melo da Silva
The research of this thesis was developed with the communities of an extractive reserve (Resex) located at Amazon Biome. The main goal was structure mechanism that enables measurement and the monitoring of the financial sustainability of the extractive reserves.
Besides the literature’s review of related to the theme, were conducted interviews with extractivists, manager and local public authority, as well were analyzed data from 2019 to 2020, related to the production and sale of the marketed products by Resex Canutama, focus on this research. From the analysis of the base of data, was created a system of informations web (WIS), supported by the concept of universal access, that is, available to any platform or device connected to internet, with simple usability. The ‘WIS Resex Canutama’ is a model for monitoring and evaluating productive activities of extractive reserves, considering the characteristics of each productive territorial space. Associated with the Financial Sustainability Radar, which is represented by a scale of 0% to 100% and based on eleven evaluation parameters, the SIW measured the performance of production, income and leadership of each of the 16 communities and 22 localities researched. According to this model developed, the Resex Canutama has not yet achieved financial sustainability, since its results for 2019 and 2020 were 20,59% and 26,82%, respectively. This low performance corroborates the fragility of the observed scenario, with serious economic and financial inequalities of the communities and localities. The poor management, the lack of public power support, the strong concentration of sales from nut extraction (main product of Resex), in addition to the lack of productive data recording, to support planning, and decisions making, causes a strong imbalance in terms of production and revenue, specially in individual results of each community and locality. The study also maked it possible to understand the way of life of the community members and to know their needs and difficulties to support their families, having that, at the same time, fulfill the commitments established for those who reside and explore areas with environmental protection. It was possible identify the structurals and logistics deficiencies to practice extractive activity and, in this way, the impediments to achieving financial sustainability, whether for community/locality or for the entire Resex. Add to that, the problems caused by environmental illegalities occurred constantly in the Biome, notably deforestation and fires (intense during the period of data collection of this research). Considering the purposes and expectations since its conception, it can be seen that, even after almost thirty years of creation of the first Extractive Reserve, there were few significant and effective actions, in order to generate improvements and lasting well-being to the families and protecting the environmental resources of those areas.
*Abstract provided by the author